Gillespies have served in many wars, with records in this library as early as the 1600s in Ireland. The first Canadian military record on file is for September 1759 for a Gillespie military leader on the Plains of Abraham in Quebec City and the struggle between the French and British for control of Canada. His roots have been researched to Renfew County in Ontario where his family later settled. Another Scottish Gillespie soldier, in the same battle in Quebec, had arrived from Fort George, near Inverness, Scotland. His family history is recorded on this website.
In 2014, I stood in Westminister Cathedral in London, England looking down at the grave of the British leader of that great battle in Quebec, General James Wolfe (1727-59) which determined Canada’s future British roots instead of French ones, in awe of the history that is remembered on these pages.
Click on the links below to find Gillespie records in military conflicts around the world, beginning with periods of time long ago then moving closer to today.
Earliest Years to 1700s
Ireland Early Military Records
Officers of the Bengal Army, INDIA, 1754-1834
Loyalists & British Soldiers: 1772 – 1784
Publication: Fighting For Canada Seven Battles 1758-1945 by Donald Graves – a deep, detailed study. Highly recommended.
THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION -1775 to 1783
(click on blue words to find records)
British Army Pensioners Abroad, 1772-1899
British Army Pensioners 1760-1930
The NAPOLEONIC WARS 1803-1815
The Battle of Trafalgar – 1805
A unique insight into Horatio Nelson & his doctor
Dr Leonard Gillespie
Diplomatic relations between Britain and France had deteriorated and were now brought to crisis point over Britain’s refusal to evacuate Malta and Napoleon’s unwillingness to withdraw troops from the Netherlands, Switzerland and Piedmont, conditions both countries had agreed upon when signing the Treaty of Amiens. Britain declared war on France on 16 May 1803. Nelson joined his ship HMS Victory at Portsmouth on 18 May 1803. Dr Gillespie joined him aboard in 1805.
THE WAR OF 1812
Upper Canada Militia – 1828, 1829
The India Mutiny 1857-1859
AMERICAN CIVIL WAR 1861-1865
North West Mounted Police, Canada, 1873-1904
THE BOER WAR, Africa
See photo of a British mule train straining up a hill. My Uncle, James Gillespie, my Dad’s brother, from the Ottawa area of Canada, served in that war in Africa. He came home in 1901, married a local girl from Hazaldean, became a fireman, and lived to be into his 90s.
Navy Seaman, United Kingdom, 1835-1941
British Army Service Records 1760-1915
WORLD WAR I: 1914-1918
232 Gillespie war dead are remembered in Commonwealth War Graves Commission for World War I.
Photo of men in the trenches
My Grampa, my Dad’s father, John Gillespie married a widow in 1900 in Billings Bridge, Ontario near Ottawa. One of her sons, Ernest Davis, from her first marriage, enlisted in Saskatchewan, went overseas in 1916 and died in 1918 age 24 in the Somme area of France. I just found his grave.
My Dad moved to the States to operate an ammunitions plant during the war, and I have a copy of his passport and special military identification. Sam Gillespie was by then in the prime of his life, in his early forties (b 1875), married for the third time in 1918, and the couple lived in both Ohio and Pennsylvania. After a serious accident, my Dad returned to Toronto, where he lived out the rest of his life. I didn’t appear until his fifth and last marriage when he was in his late 60s, and my mother 30. I knew none of this history when I began researching in my 20s.
WORLD WAR II
Photo of Omaha Beach
I have interviewed and filmed a World War II vet and his wife in Duncan, Grey County, Ontario Canada. It took two visits to get him to open up a bit about his arrival as a medic in France a week after D-Day, and some of the terrible things he endured. Immediately after a conflict, he helped carry the bodies of injured men on stretchers back to a makeshift hospital set up in various areas. The medics following the soldiers who were moving along dangerous roads lined with thick hedges that sometimes hid the enemy.
His wife he would meet later when he came home after the war ended. She was working in a factory in Toronto making Brenn Guns. They have been married over 60 years, still living independently on their farm, a marvelous testimony of love and faithfulness through the hardest of times. Sadly she has died since I first penned these words, but I enjoyed a final chat with her at the yearly Remembrance Day Service not that long ago. Their story can be found on film at the Craighurst Museum near Collingwood. She told me they would harness the horse and buggy to ride into town an hour away and had maybe $5.00 for all their shopping. They grew a big vegetable garden and raised their own meat, as nearly everyone did back then. It was a social outing they really enjoyed. This couple have died since the interviews mentioned.
KOREAN WAR 1950 – 1953
When I was a student at a college in Alberta in my 20s, I lived off campus with a family that included a man who had been a seaman during the Korean Conflict. The little that he shared gave a glimpse into the stress, the fear, and strain of those dangerous times.
VIETNAM WAR 1955-1975
The Vietnam War caused the majority of my American classmates to come to a Canadian college in Alberta during the turmoil of the 1960s. I was in love with one of those American men, but after graduation, he left for military training while I drove overland across the Middle East with a group to live and work in India and Nepal far from the conflict. How many of my classmates died in Vietnam I have not been able to discover, but most were drafted as soon as they returned home. So this war was especially personal to me.
CONFLICTS IN 20th & 21st CENTURIES
The Gulf War
Operation Desert Storm
AFGHANISTAN: Operation Enduring Freedom
Forces Reunited – British Soldiers’ Website. Forces War Records has over seven million individuals records and a ton of supplementary military data not found on any other sites.
MILITARY MIGHT JAN 2020
|ID||COUNTRY||POPULATION||ACTIVE PERSONNEL||RESERVE||AIRCRAFT||COMBAT TANKS||NAVY ASSETS|
History of the Forty-Seventh Infantry Regiment, by David E Gillespie, 1946.
Psychological Effects of War on Citizen and Soldier, by R. D. Gillespie, published London 1944.
Photo: Staff Sergeant Robert Gillespie showing off his socks and boots at an American Army Store in Britain (World War II)
Photo: The British Army in Malaysia – Private Alec Gillespie of the 1st Seaforth Highlanders holding a 2 inch mortar.
Photos: Sergeant Gillespie instructing soldiers of the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders (Princess Louise’s) Regiment, in the use and care of rifles. (several photos of this soldier) World War II
Photos: London in Ceylon – 1944 of several soldiers enjoying fresh fruit, including Leading Aircraftman P. Gillespie of Glasgow. Other photos in Ceylon.
Photo: A group of Partisans Special Operations Crete June 1, 1944 – Feb 28, 1945 including Cpl Steve Gillespie (front row standing second from right).
Photo: of Caribbean women being fitted out with their uniforms. Corporal Gillespie tries a cap on Emmie Greenhalgh, from Barbados the former personal secretary to Brigadier Stokes-Roberts, commanding officer for the South Caribbean area.
Photo: British Troops leave Luanda Port, Angola – general view of ten-vehicle British convoy leaving Luanda Port. They arrive at their destination, Keve (at Viana) to set up a transit camp. Interviews with several men including Private Michael Gillespie (9th Supply Regiment),
Photo: United States Eighth Air Force in Britain 1942-1945. A B-17 Flying Fortress of the 96th Bomb Group in flight with a fighter aircraft. Handwritten caption on reverse: ’11-4-44, 96 BG, Lt Gillespie.’
Postcards From A British POW Camp in Germany, 1916 – 1917 sent to Miss J E Gillespie at Woodford School, East Croydon during the period January 1916 – October 1917.
Total Records: 12
Sources: Many military websites: Forces Reunited; The War Graves Commission, personal knowledge.